My Stand

Like a lot of other Americans, I believe the GOP tax cut is heinous, and I do think taxes should be cut. In my particular case, I worked 42 years and most of that time was paycheck to paycheck. I have seen trickle down economics instituted twice, and it didn’t work either time. This package, what can you expect from stone cold people, whose primary goal is to deprive the less fortunate of life. I would like to remind the morality party even Jesus Christ ministered to the poor and sick.

I would rather see the government require two steps that they would have to meet. First, require that the corporations bring the outsourced jobs back to the United States. Secondly, bring back their profits that they have hidden so they can be taxed and fine.  I would prefer that they would have cut the taxes of the 1% and kept the estate tax, What happens to Trump’s promise of taxing corporations for moving jobs outside the country. At least with this tax package, we won’t have to build a wall, the immigrants will flock back to Mexico for work. Then maybe they’ll construct a fence to keep Americans out.

The headline has been rampant with news stories about the GOP being upset with Robert Mueller’s investigation. One story I read was that the GOP accused investigators of not liking Trump. Imagine the criminal castigating the police officer for shooting at him. “You’re supposed to love me.”

Finally, the depletion of our resources concerns me. Who is Trump selling the oil and coal too when the rest of the world is trending toward renewable energy. These natural resources that he and his comrades are so eagerly depleting were the same resource need for the allied effort against the Axis powers in the 1940s. We may need these resources to stop Putin.

The Case for the American Grey Wolves

The Case for the American Grey Wolves

As a young man, my father would regale me with stories of his hunting prowess. He was quite honest about it he preferred to small game. However, he also helped me develop respect for the ecosystem of our country. In mid-teens I was taken into the Boundary Waters of Minnesota where I had a brief encounter with a wolf.

At the time, I was enthralled by the scenery I was studying when I had a feeling I was not alone. It is an attitude I have developed throughout my years of camping and hiking. When I looked around, I saw the wolf trotting deeper into the woods. Since then I have made contributions to saving the wolf.

So I became alarmed when I learned that Congress had declared war on the American Wolves. The Senate introduced a bill that would release hunting restrictions on the wolves in four states Minnesota, Michigan, Wyoming, and Wisconsin. A week a similar bill was introduced in the House of Representatives. So to better understand I did some research.

From a person that has a background as a scientist and conservationist, I learned about three possible explanations. According to the author Leda Huta, the first reason is money. State revenues are increased by state fish and wildlife agencies, by the sale of fishing and hunting licenses, and the sale of ammunition. Because these organizations depend on revenue from hunters. It is likely that they are going to cater to hunters who want only humans killing deer and elk. The trophy hunters want to kill wolves.

Secondly, ever since the wolves were reintroduced to the wolves by the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Services, the wolf is not considered an essential cog in the ecosystem, but a representative of everything federal.

Lastly, is the mythology, that we have created about wolves. That they are supernatural beasts that threaten our existence, as in Red Riding Hood or stories about Werewolves.

In 2011, Bob Robb wrote in “Six Reasons to Kill Wolves,” is first there are too many wolves. Especially in areas where there is a lot of food, such as Yellowstone National Park. So much so that the wolf was removed from the Endangered Species Act in 2009. He states that in the sports hunting season of 2009 that 72 of 75 targeted wolves were killed in Montana, and 188 of 220 in Idaho.

Secondly, Robb states that wolves decimated the ungulate population. From the hunters, point of view the elk, deer, and moose populations have plummeted. Lower ungulate numbers mean state game managers are forced to offer fewer hunting licenses.  This means less revenue for that prospective state.

Then there is the third reason which is the elk and deer are not stupid. They are heading to higher ground to avoid being dinner for wolves. This put a hardship on the hunter because they have to engage the rougher terrain which has caused some hunters to quit hunting.

The fourth reason involves the belief that wolves don’t care what is on the menu. When wolves have less game to hunt, they have wandered into human habitation. When that happens pets and cattle become lunch. However, when ranchers complain about lost livestock and animal rights groups offer to mitigate the cost.

The fifth reason is wolves are the poster boy animals. Wolves are beautiful animals thus making them poster child from animal rights groups. “I’ve actually had officers from some prominent animal rights’ groups tell me that when they need to raise some quick cash, all they have to do is send out a mailer with the picture of a wolf on it that begs their donors for a few bucks to keep the evil hunters from killing these poor, innocent creatures.”1

In the sixth reason, Robb argues that endless litigation holds the wolves protected. Animal run wild are his primary targets.  Robb states that these groups advocate letting animals run wild and to stop hunting.

The Other Side

The general consensus before 1995 regarding recovering a damaged area biologists believed that the only way to rebuild plant life before anything else. This meant that healthy plants had to be established first, then insects, small rodents, birds, larger herbivores, and then, at last, the top predators fell into place. However, the Endangered Species Act required the reintroduction of top predators before plant life. So, in 1995, the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service reintroduced wolves to Yellowstone National Park. Since then the ecological effect named the trophic cascade has taken place. What has happened is that the grey wolves began something more natural than had been seen in sixty-five years: an ecosystem balance.

The Trophic Cascade

The term trophic refers to different levels of the food chain, with plant life at the bottom and the top level predators at the top. An example of a cascade is that of a stream coming to a waterfall. Once the water of the creek flows down the waterfall until it hits a rock and splits forming two waterfalls which hit rocks and creates other waterfalls. Now we can insert the wolf into the scenario.

The method of using the trophic cascade proved to be more of a success than anyone expected. Because the grey wolf preys on the most vulnerable, the diseased, the young, old, weak, and injured, individuals, of the ungulate population, herds of elk, moose, and deer. Because of the wolves method of hunting, it aids in the regulation herd size distribution which impacts biodiversity. Otherwise, elk, deer, moose overgraze the vegetation, which leads to the degradation of their habitat. Which in turn, leads to damaging effects on other native wildlife.

When the wolves were removed, smaller predator grew and with growth increase their range. This led to exploitation of their prey. An example of this occurred in the southeastern United States when red wolves were eliminated. After the red wolves elimination, the raccoon and coyote numbers rose sharply. This caused the reduction of wild turkeys and small predators such as foxes which preyed on smaller mammals. The smaller mammals were found to be responsible for infesting ticks with Lyme disease and with the more significant populations of smaller mammals Lyme disease has spread.

Because of the deer, elk and moose willow and aspen stands have regenerated. Along with the restoration of streambed vegetation native habitats for native birds, fish, and beaver. Aquatic habitats were improved by stabilizing channels and controlling erosion.

The impact on the survival of pronghorn, for the better because of the competition between coyote and wolves. Yellowstone National Park reported in 2007 that in some areas of the park the coyote population had been reduced by 50 percent. As a result, the increase in the pronghorn population was seen to rise from 20 percent to 70 percent. The populations of the red fox also saw an increase.

Eagles, bears, and magpies have benefited from the presence of the wolf because these carrion-feeders live on the remains left by wolves. The remains of the kills by wolves help other species survive stress filled winters.

The return of the grey wolves has also has helped aquatic, riparian vegetation. Sin the ungulates are no longer overgrazing the plant life along stream beds has grown stronger. Beaver had also returned to Yellowstone.

Conclusion

Many a time, sitting around campfires and I have stared at the starry canopy above wondered at the mind that put together this amazing world. After the research I’ve done, I am convinced that our wolves are an intricate part of our ecology. I do believe that animals should be able to run and free. That is when they are the most beautiful. I do not condone disbanding hunting, but I do not like methods being used.,  such as hunting from airplanes or using automatic weapons. Iconic predators such as the grizzly bear and the grey wolf are not food. However when money is involved the environment and ecology lose.

  1. http://www.y petersenshunting.cdrom/uncategonalirized/6-reasons-to-hunt-wolves/#ixzz4tLiyapVI

2nd Amendment Freedoms Vs. Life, Liberty, Pursuit of Happiness

No flag waving. Just short and personal. Too many lives have been lost because of this nation’s bloodlust. I would like you to consider this scenario. Consider the death toll, if the Las Vegas shooter had access to silencers. The same proposition that the House of Representatives will be considering. If you still support second amendment freedoms, then I challenge you to seek out the family members of the latest casualties and explain to them your gun ownership rights are more important than their loved one’s life.

Wolf Blood

Wolf Blood

Three wolves are loping through woods. The three the wolves were on the urgent matter of hunting for food. The group of wolves was made up of two males and a female. Greta’s primary concern is getting enough food for her three pups back at the den. One of the males was Lucifer, Greta’s mate. Lucifer’s muzzle and face were white. The rest of him was black ears, forehead, and body.  Greta’s fur was gray except for brown on the edge of her ears and the top of her muzzle. The other wolf was known as Gus had found some rabbit burrows in a small meadow about ten miles from their den. That is where the threesome was heading. Near the knoll, they stop.

Greta and Lucifer circle around the meadow to find a spot where they can spring their trap. Gus with nose to the ground searches for a promising burrow. Gus stops for the third time and frantically starts digging. Seconds later a large rabbit pops out the ground and starts to run. Gus tries to herd the rabbit in the direction of Greta and Lucifer, but then it happens.

The three wolves were so intent on their kill that they did hear the thump, thump approach of helicopter rotor blades. Greta and Lucifer watch as Gus crashes into the turf. His nose hits the ground at the same time the ground was being chewed up chasing the rabbit until it too stops running. The Alpha couple doesn’t understand what is happening, but they know they are in danger. They turn and run toward the woods, running side by side searching for safety. Greta running for her life driven by a combination of rat-tat-tat and the thumping of chopper blades then red liquid spurts out of Lucifer and he goes down.

Greta plunges into the woods, but her fear keeps driving. She runs for another mile crashing through the forest, her heart beating faster and faster, until she trips.  After Greta rested awhile, she returned to the meadow where she last saw Lucifer. However, the only thing that is left of Lucifer and Gus is the scent of their life blood. She sets off on the trot back to the den and her three pups.

An hour later Greta is getting close to her lair when she picks up the scent of death again. There were areas where the smell was strong and getting stronger.  As she approached the entrance to her den, she spots the lifeless body of one of her seven pups, just outside the entrance. She enters the hole only to find the remains of her other two pups. A female member of her litter no longer has a face. Greta returns to the forest which has always been a safe haven for her. That night Greta casts her voice on the wind mourning Lucifer, her pups, and the rest of the pack.

 For the next week, Greta survives on carrion and berries, staying deep in the forest. Then the wolf spots a rabbit. Greta gives chase until she feels an explosive burning pain. It is harder for her to breathe or run and then she falls to the ground. Her life blood flows out her.

Jack a veteran park ranger had been listening to wolve howls for decades. He bragged that he could distinguish the difference between wolf howls. A man in his forties, broad shouldered, red flyaway hair, jade eyes, sat on his back deck listening intently for his beloved wolves for the second night.  For three nights he had only heard a single wolf howl, and that was Greta’s. Tonight she was silent.

The next morning as soon as he pulls up to the main office he knocks on his boss’s door.

“Doug, I think the Tioga Pass Scoundrels have been wiped out,” Jack said.

“That will make the cattlemen outside of the park, happy,” Doug said. After taking a deep cleansing breath, he continued, “I’ll have dispatch put out a cautionary call for all Rangers to keep a watch out for them.” Doug’s physique had suffered from sitting behind a desk for a few years. His brown, thin, hair was graying at the temples.

“Thank you,” Jack gave his boss a gracious smile.

For the next few days, Jack jumps as he receives each radio notice.  Then on the fourth day, he finally receives a call to him from the dispatcher. He races to the site the dispatcher told him about.

“What did they find,” Jack asked Doug as he got out of his jeep?

“Jack, some young kids found a body and told the local sheriff,” Doug said. “They thought it was a big dog.”

“She’s over there,” Jacks boss to a group of uniformed men. “She’s a female wolf. Unless you’ve seen her up close, I doubt you’re going to be able to identify her.”

“I saw her through my field glasses. I’ll know,” Jack said.

Jack and Doug trooped over to the group of lawmen. As soon as Jack broke through the circle, he saw the ravages of mother nature. He knelt down next to the body. Jack touches the head, “Sorry girl, you deserved better than this.”

“Why are so emotional over a wild animal,” the sheriff asked with a sneer.

“She is one of God’s creatures,” Doug’s voice bellowed.

“Can we take her back and bury her in the park,” Jack asked.

At the park office, they wrapped her remains in old blankets and then put the body in a pine box. Then a group of Rangers carried the box to a whole which had already been dug.

Later that night, Doug pulled up to Jack’s house. Before he got to the front door, Jack stepped out, “What do you want,” Jack asked.

“Well if you have some beer and CD player I have something to play for you,” Doug grinned.

A few minutes later Jack came back out, and each of the men leaned up against a porch post. After a few moments, Jack cleared his throat, “You said you had something to share.”

“I recorded a wolf howling a few days before you came into my office. I copied it to a CD.”

Jack placed the proffered CD into his player. The sound of a lone wolf howling started Jack to tear up. 

“Oh no,” I didn’t want to get you all weep eye,” Doug said.

“That’s Greta howl.”

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Freedom and Equality Took Another Hit

In the broadest of terms, the right to vote is a form of freedom of speech.  When a person goes to vote they are expressing their individuals view of who should represent them in the office. During a primary in my state, the vote must specify which party he is voting for.  With the judge’s decision to give access to the voter fraud commission, he has opened the door for the people of the United States to voter intimidation and tyranny. I can just envision the brown shirts marching down the main street of every town.

 

A Laymen’s Look At The Paris Accord

A Layman’s Look At The Paris Accord

When I heard of the President’s decision to leave the Paris Agreement, I was discouraged, but when I thought about it: his decision reminded me of a line from one of my favorite movies. In the movie the Wrath of Khan, in an anti-climatic scene, a dying Spock whispers to Captain Kirk “Logic dictates that the needs of many outweigh the needs of the few.” In the president’s mind, the needs of the few outweigh the needs of the many.

 When I first heard of the Paris Accord I wanted to shout from the rooftop. This was the first time these many nations came together to agree on a strategy for a major crisis. That is other than war. So when Trump announced that the U. S. was going to withdraw from the Paris Accord. In my mind, I heard “the needs of the few outweigh the the of the many.”

 148 nations met adopt green energy resources and to limit the rise in global temperatures. At the same time, these countries are cooperating to cope with the impact of unavoidable climate change. What the agreement acknowledges is that the threat of climate change is urgent and irreversible. The signatories felt that the problem of emission reduction could only be addressed through the cooperation of all countries.

What is the effect of the cuts?

      According to the agreement: “Holding the increase in global average temperature to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.”

The goal of 2 degrees as a limit had been discussed for several years. The global warming will still increase, but it won’t be as significant if nothing was done. The agreement notes that even if every signatory meets their obligation of 2 degrees world temperatures will still rise by 2 degrees. However, this is just a first step. It is the hope of all the signatories that the world will figure out how to get to the 2-degree goal, in time.

The accord goes onto a goal of pursuing loftier limits of 1.5 degrees temperature increase. The agreement states, “and to continue the efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees C above pre-industrial levels, recognizing that this would significantly reduce the risks and impacts of climate change.”

 If the initial target of 2 is an ambitious goal, the Paris Accord goes to further suggest an even harder ambitious goal. The reason for the second ambitious goal was because of the campaigning of small island nations. These countries argued “noting that even if the temperature increase was held at 2 degrees, the resulting rise in sea levels would devastating for them.

Those island nations weren’t able to establish the 1.5 degrees as the primary target; the representatives were successful getting it into the Paris Accord. The reality is the 2-degree goal is lofty, and no one is sure if or how that is going to be achieved. The 2 degree Celsius may be the target, but world leaders have not figured out how to obtain it.

I am sure you have heard the figure $100 billion dollars in conjunction with the Paris Accord. This money is to be used to help developing countries swap from fossil fuels to greener resources and also to adapt to the effects of climate change. This contribution is the bottom level estimate of developed countries would have to contribute. Over the years this contribution is going to rise.

 The nations do not expect that they will be able to reduce emissions shortly. When the countries came to Paris every one of them had a voluntary pledge. Those pledges are now codified which sets a framework for the reductions to begin by 2020. That year is also the projected time to submit long term plans for the future. Not a pledge for the short term, but for one for future generations.

 The one element of the deal that President Barack Obama supported was that in the year 2020. In 2020 the reductions are supposed to begin. Every five years, every nations target will be reevaluated to move the world closer to the 2-degree target.

 President Obama support for this idea was to have each country’s goals submitted 9-12 months before they are finalized. This allows time to be created for other nations can seek clarity about the proposed targets. The goals should reflect progress from earlier targets. The target should be the highest each country can achieve. This framework should drive climate ambition while technologies improve and circumstances changes.

The target date for climate improvement is roughly mid-century or 2050. That is when the world is supposed to meet the goal of zero emissions of green house gases. However, no one expects the world to quit using every form of technology that greenhouse gases use. One example is the removal of carbon dioxide which could be accomplished by growing more trees. I guess that is why President Trump targeted Giant Sequoia National Monument. Those trees absorb two-thirds of the carbon dioxide for their species.

Personal Conclusion

 I have to agree with Trump’s supporters that the document is a lot of words. However, it is a lot of words targeting a particular problem setting real goals, not just talking about it. If we do not believe there is a critical issue with climate change: Please consider this all buildings and vehicles emitting fossil fuel emissions for ninety decades. Don’t you think there could be some damage?

 

 

 

 

 

America The Beautiful

         Do you remember the patriotic song “America the Beautiful?” If President Trump chooses to close the 27 national monuments, which he has targeted by executive order for oil, mining, and logging, we will start singing a new song? I don’t find any aesthetic beauty in oil wells sticking up all over the horizon, especially in the Bear Ears National Monument, Giant Sequoia National Park, Yellowstone, or Canyon of the Ancients Monument. These places attract millions of people a year to view the scenery and wildlife. They employ people and produce income. But you know that? Right? All of the 27 targeted monuments were created under the Antiquities Act.

         Some Sequoias are more than 3200 years old and have a height of 250 ft. Since we all know that trees produce oxygen. Have you ever imagined how much oxygen has been created I have a few figures to give you? The amount of oxygen a tree can produce depends on several factors. I want you to consider that the number and ways that they are presented depend on how oxygen is produced. These figures and ways depending on the species of a tree, its age, and its health.

           “You’ll hear a range of numbers and ways of presenting them because the amount of oxygen produced by a tree depends on the species of a tree, its age, its health, and on the tree’s surroundings. According to the Arbor Day Foundation, “a mature leafy tree produces as much oxygen in a season as 10 people inhale in a year.”

McAliney, Mike. Arguments for Land Conservation: Documentation and Information Sources for Land Resources Protection, Trust for Public Land, Sacramento, CA, December 1993:

“One acre of trees annually consumes the amount of carbon dioxide equivalent to that produced by driving an average car for 26,000 miles.”

       ” A 100-ft tree, an 18″ diameter at its base, produces 6,000 pounds of oxygen.”

        To me, the obvious reason for targeting this iconic park is that Trump and his fanatical followers are still pushing their climate change denial agenda.

Bears Ears National Monument 

                

         This is a place whose story came out of the Wild West. The monument was set aside to stop the pillaging of an area rich in Native American artifacts. Local Native Americans in 2009 came together to protect the spiritual and archaeological sites. Through seven years a coalition developed between five local tribes and local outdoor and environmental groups. The coalition formed the Bears Ears Intertribal Coalition.

            President Barack Obama heard their cries for help. When the Utah delegation failed to resolve the situation, President Obama made the area a national monument. For me, this is just not another attack on the environment, it’s lazy thinking by lazy leaders that are more consumed by greed by progress and the safety of mankind.

Canyons of the Ancients Monument                                            

          This site has the largest concentration of archaeological sites in the country according to the Bureau of Land Management. The Bureau of Land Management and 26 local tribes manage the areas.
Just as on the previous monuments this is an assault by Trump and friends from oil and mining. It is also driving the youth of America to learn about other cultures that occupied our country.

I have mentioned three of twenty sites targeted by Trump via executive order. He has targeted destroying opportunities to learn other cultures, opportunities to honor other cultures. These sites produce jobs and money to the areas.

If you believe these, and Ironwood Forest, Vermillion Cliffs, Sonoran Desert, Grand Canyon-Parshant, Carrizo Plain, San Michael Mountains, Berryessa Snow Mountain, Mojave Trails, Sand to Snow Mountains, Craters of the Moon VI, Hansford Ranch, Grand Staircase-Escalante, Cascade-Siskiyou, Basin and Range, Gold Butte, Rio Grande del Norte, Organ Mountains-Desert Peaks, Upper Missouri River Breaks, and Katahdin Woods and Waters, are worth saving. Then please contact your representative, or senator, or the Secretary of Interior.                                      

A Birthday Remembrance

As my sixty-sixth birthday approached I found myself remembering a scene from one of my favorite movies. “Citizen is hard! You have to want it bad!” These are excerpts from the movie American President in which the fictional President Andrew Shepard(Michael Douglas) interrupts a press conference. For me, citizenship means jury duty, military service (if you are capable), voting and participating in rallies or demonstrations. It is part of everyday living.

Last year was the greatest opportunity to vote for the office of President, with such issues as health care, immigration, and client change.  In exchange, we lost the ability to be civil to one another. It didn’t, take much effort when for decades we’ve  accepted political campaigns which are solely about personal attacks rather than campaigning about issues.

We have forgotten what America is all about. It’s not about being first, the previous generations worked together, had a core belief in a higher power, and lived by values. None of that is present. We need to go back to the basics if we want to survive. But leave the bigotry and fear behind. Don’t you think that the great generation was afraid after Pearl Harbor? Sure they were, but they didn’t wallow in their fear.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Something Is Missing

      “Professor Christopherson, I have been told you can help me,” her voice was like a lifeless monotone.

    At the time of the student’s interruption, I was sitting at my desk looking over student papers. My preference would have been to look out my window at the building across the quad. In my small office, I have bookshelves on both walls and a credenza underneath the window. I am used to students walking into my office asking for help with their assignments. However, I am not used to seeing a student whose appearance speaks of someone in shock. She looked like a white sheet just laundered. Her olive eyes were dull and glassy.

      “Miss what is your name,” I asked?

      “My name is Lucia Schroeder. I am a business student at this university.”

      “Why don’t you have a seat,” I heaved myself out of my chair and pointed to an uncomfortable chair on the other side of the desk, “are you hurt?”

      Lucia sat in the chair prim and proper giving me the impression she was well bred, but her wardrobe told a different story. She wore jeans with holes in them and a loose-fitting sweatshirt. Her attire did nothing for her curvaceous body. I studied her for a minute trying to figure out what would bring her to me. A business major coming to me seemed a little odd especially since I teach sociology.

      “What can I help you with?” I looked into olive colored eyes.

      “My friend Jenny is a sociology major and said that you were a great instructor,” Lucia’s spoke with a hitch.

      “Are you thinking about switching majors?”

      “No! No, it’s not funny. Can’t you see this country is flushing itself down the drain?” I retreated to my side of the desk, all the time trying to remember a student, named Jenny. The next time I would meet her I was going to remind her I was a sociology professor and not a psychiatrist or a guidance counselor. However, I surmised that she was taking the vitriol a little too seriously.

      “Miss – Miss, what is not funny?” “My name is Lucia,” she reminded me, “you were making fun about what I said.”

      Not realizing it, I might have been chuckling, “let’s start at the beginning.”

      Lucia explained that because that the national election was her first time to vote, so she immersed herself into the process. She wanted the experience to be special, to her was a sort of right of passage, from teenager to an adult citizen. Lucia was taken by surprise, by the level of hate and violence, at some of the rallies. Because of all of it Lucia’s confidence level had taken a major hit along with her lifestyle. She felt naive, gullible and oblivious instead of being confident, rational and prepared.

      “We are going to go back to some basics. The type of basic which is the essence of whom we are. We’ll be talking about moral and values. I want you to think about your definition of values,” I said.

      I was startled, when her soft voice stated, “I am not sure, what you mean by values.”

     Clearing my throat I answered, “the meaning of values may be defined as a measure of something worth and good.”

     Lucia slipped out my office door, in silence and deep in thought. I was about to return to reading student papers when it dawned on me. When I realized, we hadn’t scheduled our next meeting time. I dashed into the hall, looked in both directions, but she was gone.

     Three days later I was searching for a book which was on the right wall of my office when I smelled perfume. Lucia stood in the doorway.

     “Lucia you ran away before we were done. Can we agree to set up another meeting time before you run out of here?” My husky voice must have stupefied her?

     “I was dismayed that I hadn’t learned anything about values before I came to college,” she looked glum. Despite that glum look, I could listen to her fluting voice.

      It is unfortunate that prosperity overwhe  lms a society. During my teaching career, I have seen students that have come from homes, in which their fathers trying to achieve the American dream, work themselves to death. And the mother who has to go to work to help. In the end, both parents have forgotten that the most important gauge, of their success, is their child. Lucia did not have any values incorporated into her life.

      “Surprise! Very few young people are prepared for adulthood,” I motioned her to a chair.

      “I believed after twelve years of schools I should be better prepared for life,” Lucia argued.

      I laughed too heartily at her statement because high cheek bones turned ripe tomato red, “no one in human history has ever been prepared for adulthood. Especially the humans that went through the school of hard knocks.” I commenced stifling a chuckle.

     “Well, I guess I better go back to class. I am very sorry I took up your precious time,” she stood up to leave. “Oh, no I signed on to help you. Which I still want to help to do.” I walked around the desk and blocked her. “So, what are your values?”

     Lucia sat and rattled off that she valued honesty, dependable, reliability, committed, motivated, and respectful.

     “OK,” my smile was guarded. “So, now that I’m aware of my values are. Where do I go from here?”

     “We need to decide what type of values you have,” I clamped my eyes shut. I wanted to go slow because Lucia’s inner being was so shaken.

     “What are the types?” “Core, social, and moral. The values you claim as yours are core values. Those values are in a state of flux. People improve some, add or subtract others.”

     “Why wasn’t I aware of all this,” Lucia was visibly shaken?

     “Values are not taught in a classroom. They are not part of a classroom exercise. Values are taught by parents, family, teachers, society, and church.”

      Lucia looked at her watch and looked up into my face blinking a lot, “I have class in about ten minutes.”

      Lucia was excused after we decided on our next meeting time. I instructed her to set aside, a lot of time for discussion when we met. I planned that the next time we met we would finish this discussion. Then we would give it a time and then discuss how she felt. When Lucia came into my office the next time. I saw signs of improvement. She was walking a little straighter. Her expressive face was less drawn and more alive.

     “So where do we start,” I asked as she sat.

     “Let me ask you some questions about you. Because I am wondering if I am understanding morals and values,” she suggested. “From the look of your nose, I would guess you’ve been in a lot of fights.” Her high cheeks changed to light red. “Oh, I’m sorry. I didn’t mean to be rude.”

     “Don’t be. Your summation was right. In my youth, I learned to box which helped me to fight for what I believed were the right causes.”

     “So you believe a person should fight for their beliefs?”

     “Yes,” I smiled back, “so tell me what kind of values are we talking about,” I asked? I wanted to get her attention off of me and back on her.

     “We’re talking about morals.”

     Lucia and I talked about the areas of human life from which morals were derived from society, government, self, and religion. I repeated that values and morals are not taught in a classroom, but are learned as we go through life.

     “So moral values are in a constant state of flux,” Lucia argued.

     “No —— yes. They are in flux, but not necessarily all the time. Let me illustrate most civilized societies derives their own morals and laws from the Roman System of Law. As societies advance the old system of laws to erode.”

     “OK. Explain to me how we get moral from our own self.”

     I used the example of infants and young toddlers. A child that is forbidden to touch or take an object in early life, learns to look over the shoulder if their being observed. Over the years a child derives the capacity to discern right from wrong.

     “We have discussed core and social values and with your help, I have also learned that values are derived from the self.”

     “The last source is religion. All of the world religions have their own lists of right and wrong by which a person should live. Most often a follower of a given religion will give a big show o f following those religions behavioral codes.”

     “So where does that leave us,” Lucia asked?

     “For your generation, the job is going to be finding you own sets of values for this country. It’s not going to be easy,” I said.

     “Can we go back to the old set of values,” she eyed me with skepticism?

     “It’s up to our society what values it wants to go by, so I can’t give you a definite answer.”

     “What about you?” “Years ago a question was brought up concerning why some of our youth has joined ISIS. I have resolved that our country’s values have been replaced by the deadly sins. I understand from history that this has happened to all nations that were considered great. Just, before the fall.”

     “It is a little sad isn’t it,” she said.

     “Yes! Greed, gluttony, lust, covetousness, anger, envy, and sloth. What is sad is that the human race keeps doing it. If we paid attention to history, we could avoid all of this.”

     “I have to admit that I have seen all of it the last few years. Jenny was right you helped me,” Lucia stepped forward and hugged me.

     “You did the work. I just guided you like a fog light.” Lucia left my office smiling. All I hope is that Lucia and her generation will learn that greed, gluttony, and envy will not make America First. Our society values and morals will do that.

An Attack on Creation

                                 An Attack on Creation

The reason I loved to camp was I was able to observe as many of God’s wonders as I could. For me, the best part of those camping trips was sitting around a camp fire gazing at the stars. While I stared at the stars, I had a sense of peace. It gave me time to contemplate on the awesome power of our creator. Everyday people across the world benefit in multiple ways by elements of creation.

Ever since the last 1970 humanity has become aware of depletion of the ozone layer due to green house gases. Ever since the Montreal Protocol of 1987, an international treaty of nations dedicated, to the phasing out the substances that have caused the problem. These chemicals are man-made and contain chlorine and bromine. The ozone layer provides protection from the sun’s ultraviolet rays.

Another debate which confuses the issue is global warming which leads to climate change. The causes of global warming are carbon dioxide and other heat causing gases are forming a blanket in the upper atmosphere and trapping heat around the earth.

As of January 20, 2017, the client change deniers have a new self-proclaimed leader. He believes that climate change is a hoax, started by China. President Trump and his administration, people that benefit from the drilling and mining of the fossil fuels. This group argues that the EPA creates restrictive measures on the oil and mining industry.

  • President Trump is attacking all parts of creation. So far the attacks have been in the following form:
  • On February 1 Congress dismantles the Stream Protection Rule which guaranteed clean water for communities near mining operations.
  • February 28, of this year received an easement from the Army Corp. of Engineers to construct the Dakota Pipe line
  • March 24, President Trump gives his approval to continue building the Keystone Pipeline

April 3, President Trump signed a bill which allows wolves and their pups to be killed in their dens. This bill also allows bears to be gunned down in bait stations. These acts are allowed in Alaska’s national wildlife refuges. Also the act allows aerial gunning and the use of steel-jawed leg hold traps. This type of trap holds the animal in place until they are killed.

In the budget for 2018 The President has proposed steep budget cuts in the EPA and the ESA. Also, the President and various congressional members are calling for the elimination of the EPA and the ESA.

Since, these attacks were announced, I knew I was going to become involved. The first step, would be to learn as much as I could.

The EPA’s Mission

air polution

The Environmental Protection Agency(EPA) mission is to protect this nation’s citizens from significant risks to human health and environment in their living, learning, and work places. Their best efforts to reduce environmental risks nationally, are based on the best available scientific data. It enforces federal laws that protect human health and the environment, fairly and effectively. The factors that are used in establishing environmental policies natural resources, human health, economic growth, energy, transportation, agriculture, industry, and international trade. All parts of society have access to information to participate in managing human health and environmental risks. These parts include communities, individuals, businesses, state and local and tribal government.

Water pollution

How the EPA Succeeds

First they develop and enforce regulations. After our federal government lawmakers create an environmental law, the EPA uses the law by writing regulations. They set standards which all to states are required to enforce through their own regulations. If the states and tribes fail to meet the standards, the EPA helps them. The EPA ensures that companies understand the requirements.

The EPA uses grants to achieve their goals by using grants. These grants are given to state environmental programs, non profits, and educational institutions. The money is used for scientific studies that helps the EPA make decisions for community cleanups.

This organization uses’ laboratories scattered throughout the nation. They do this to identify and attempt to solve environmental problems. In an effort to learn more the EPA shares information with other countries, academic institutions, other agencies, and organizations in the private sector.

The EPA can’t and don’t protect the environment on their own. Some of the organizations that the EPA works with are businesses, non profit organizations and state and local governments through dozens of partnerships. Some of these partnerships include conservation of water and energy, reducing green house gases, and get a handle on pesticide risks.

Clean air

New Energy Technologies

Below is a list of four new energy technologies. While there are many more tested and viable. This short list makes the point new energy technologies are here.

  • Radiant Energy: on some devices can produce the same results which are estimated at less than 1% of the cost, of ordinary electricity. However it does not behave like normal electricity which has led to a misunderstanding in the scientific community. Radio Energy is a term most often used in radiometry, solar energy, lighting and heating.
  • Permanent Magnets: Dr. Tom Bearden has two working models of a device called permanent magnetic powered electrical transformers. These devices use six watts of power as input to control a magnetic field coming out of a magnet. By channel the magnetic field to a series of output coils rapidly and repeatedly can produce 96 watts of output without any moving parts.
  • Super Efficient Electrolysis: When water is hit with its own molecular resonant frequency it collapses into water and oxygen gas, with little electrical input. For the cost of water Hydrogen can drive engines like your car.
  • This is a small list of the least known technologies. The full lists of dozens of technologies that are well tested, known, and proven. Still there are forces in the world that keep people from learning about them. There are four forces to keeping these and other technologies from being made available. These forces are (1) wealthy families and their central banking institutions, (2) national governments jockeying for leadership positions, (3) Deluded inventors and con men, (4) and all the rest of us.

The Endangered Species Act of 1973

This act was designed to protect imperiled animal and plant species from facing extinction. Imperiled species are the result of economic growth and inadequate concern for conservation. The Endangered Species Act was signed into law by President Richard M. Nixon on December 28, 1973. At that time the U. S. Supreme Court found that the “the plain text of Congress was to halt and reverse the trend toward species extinction at whatever cost.”1 Two agencies administer the act; they are the United States Fish Wildlife Service(FSW) and the National Oceanic Atmosphere Administration(NOAA).

The call for wildlife conservation started in 1900. This occurred after the near extinction of the bison and the disappearance of passenger pigeons. Some cause for the low numbers of wildlife were communities and farm land grew, the widespread use of pesticides.

A tragic story which gathered widespread attention was that of the Whooping Crane. This bird’s range extended from southern Canada to Mexico, from Utah to the Atlantic Ocean. By 1890, the Whooping Crane had disappeared from its primary breeding grounds in north central United States. This was due to unregulated hunting and the habitat loss. In 1941 the number of estimated Whooping Cranes in the wild was 16. A conservation highlight in 2007 was the statement of 340 Whooping Cranes in the wild and another 145 found in captivity.

Conclusion

The first conclusion I have drawn since I started my research. That the current administration and its supporters want to eliminate any organization that stands in the way of profit. However, they don’t realize what has happened since air and water pollution became part of the national debate.

In a report last July 1, 2016, Fiona McDonald reported in “The Hole in the Ozone is Finally Closing Up” that:

“Scientists have found evidence that the hole in the ozone layer over Antarctica is finally beginning to heal. If progress continues, it should be closed permanently by 2050.”2

In an article in the New York Times and written by Henry Fountain on June 20, 2016 wrote, “Full recovery of the ozone hole is not expected until, the middle of the century.”3

Both articles were reporting on results from a study led by Susan Solomon, a lead researcher, at Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

At about the same time the National Aeronautical Space Administration(NASA)speculated that the ozone hole would be closed by the year 2100. The point I want to make is that the human race is successfully changing the amounts of chlorine and bromine in the atmosphere. So the agencies that our president is targeting in his attacks are a benefit to mankind.

Not only has the president targeted the EPA through budget proposals, but through naming its new director, Scott Pruitt. Scott Pruitt was the Oklahoma Attorney General, and has close ties to the fossil fuel industry. Pruitt rejects, the scientific consensus, that human activity is a primary cause to climate change.

I am not sure why the president targeted the ESA. But, for whatever reason the attack is extreme and cruel. In the bible, we are told, “everything has a purpose.” That is what amazes me about the creation. Just as God gave everything a purpose, mankind was given the ability to adapt. Just like the animal kingdom has the ability to adapt to changes in their environment so can humans. The proof is the studies mentioned earlier and the rise in the number of people getting involved in marches and signing petitions.

Since these attacks began the following environmental organizations have responded; Sierra Club; Center for Biological Diversity; and Friends of Earth. Specifically the Center for Biological Diversity celebrated the announcement of a victory for the environment on May 1st, when Congress passed a budget bill funding the government throughout 2017. Secondly, almost none of the 160 anti environment riders passed into the final bill. The Center accredited people for people telephoning, and emailing members of Congress, and attending town hall meetings, for this success.

I have left out our administration’s attack on senior citizens and the poor. I have two reasons for this: I didn’t want this essay to be a rant regarding that subject. Secondly, I have seen the best of our world, enjoying pristine water and beautiful skies. I have seen wolves, bears, moose, and an eagle is their natural environment and I want those experiences to be available to other people. The earth doesn’t need humans to survive. However, humanity does need clean air and water to survive.

Finally, I leave you with the words of a former statesman that fought for conservation over a hundred years ago.

On May 13, 1908, in a speech at the White House, to a Governors Conference on conservation. As President of the United States Theodore Roosevelt said:

“We have become great in a material sense because of our lavish use of our resources, and we have just reason to be proud of our growth. But the time has come to inquire seriously what will happen when our forests are gone, when the coal, the iron, the oil, and the gas are exhausted, when the soils will have further impoverished and washed into the streams, polluting the rivers, denuding the fields. These questions do not relate only to the next century or to the next generation. One distinguishing characteristic of really civilized men is foresight; we have to as a nation, exercise foresight for this nation in the future; and if we do not exercise that foresight, dark will be our future!”4

I believe the above quote is correct in that it foretells the junction that our nation and our leaders find themselves. Roosevelt continued to say:

“We should exercise foresight now, as the ordinarily prudent man exercises foresight in conserving and widely using the property which contains the assurance of well being for himself and his children. We want to see him exercise forethought for the next generation and need to exercise it in some fashion ourselves as a nation for the next generation.”5

References

1.Endangered Species Act. (2017, April 06). Retrieved April 22, 2017, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Endangered_Species_Act

2.http://www.sciencealert.com/the-ozone-hole-is-finally-closing-up,ScienceAlert,The Hole in the Ozone is Finally Closing Up

3.http://www.nytimes.com/2016/07/01/science/ozone hole show-sign of shrinking, scientists say, Henry Fountain

4.Roosevelt: In His Own Words, Weider History, Pg: 74

5.Roosevelt: In His Own Words, Weider History, Pg. 74