Consider This: Prestige

The word prestige is a noun connotating respect and admiration for achievements and quality of life. Now some of the occupations that are considered prestigious are presidents of corporations, businessmen and women, politicians and the rich. That was a long time ago. Because greed and corruption have overshadowed prestige. Sad to say. Now it is more about how outlandish and spectacular are than what a person does for community or world. Let’s look at our government especially the last two years our government has provided more money for the upper crust than taking care of the lower class and less fortunate of this world. Because of our sitting President and his administration, we have lost world prestige and replaced it arrogance and deceit.

The question remains how we restart our status. A successful restart may never happen because I doubt humanity is not going back to the basics. By that I mean a faith-based society.

 

I Recommend:

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

Consider This: My Absence

I have been away from blogging for almost a year. I do have a good reason though. For the last year, I have participated in a novel writing course which will expand to my writing repertoire. The class will finish at the end of the month. The process has been daunting and time-consuming at the same time it has been a lot of fun.

At the end of the course, I will split my time between the novel and the blog. I am considering a lot of subjects to post but for now posts of consideration.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

Walk the Walk

selective focus photography of bald eagle
Photo by RalfGeorg on Pexels.com

As we approach another critical election, I thought I would look at some of the phrases we consider in the history of our government.

    Let’s start with the phrase “We the People.” When I was taught in school the declaration of Independence, and the Preamble of the Constitution was like a gospel song. Voices boom used width pride. But when I was growing up, we were still enjoying the fruits of the Allied victory in Japan and Europe. As a person who shared this countries birthday, I had to memorize them. The reality is that the founding fathers meant them as introductory remarks. I always thought our representatives came from the people themselves via the electoral process. But that is not the case for the most part they are white rich men and women who have made a name for themselves. They are not first responders, farmers, factory workers. This November we have a wide diversity of people wanting to serve their constituents. And so they don’t fall into the trap that their predecessors did, we must campaign for term limits and the removal of Citizen United.

    Our politicians love to talk the talk regarding “endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights” including “life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. These rights are not meant to be taken or given away. The only people that can give these rights away is us. We are the only ones that can allow them to be taken away. So, it is very important that we stop talking the talk and start walking the walk. Be sure to go vote on November 6th. I don’t care if you walk, drive, ride or fly but vote.

What is at stake health care, Social Security, Medicare, and immigration.

    

Another Black Friday

There could be any number of Black Fridays. For me, there are currently two. The first when Jesus Christ was crucified, the second October 1929, but a third is on its way. Tomorrow our Senate will vote on the confirmation of Brett Kavanaugh to the Supreme Court. According to reports, the confirmation is going to happen. Which is a shame because in the process we have destroyed the credibility of a woman by the entitlement.

What has been proven is that Dr. Ford is an incredibly strong and brave woman. Secondly, what lengths the privileged and white supremacists will go to. White supremacy is not just hatred of nonwhites and the Jewish faith. It is a fear of anything that will take aware of their power whether it be in the bedroom, in the workplace, or in the government.

There was a time that the majority of the citizens of this country at a relationship with God. As that relationship declines so did our values. The values such as equality, decency, compassion and many more are almost extinct. What upsets me most is how hypocritical we as a nation have become. We pledge allegiance to one nation Under God. The word Under God means a whole lot to me. It established a link to the first commandment. I am speaking. about the prologue “I am the Lord, thy God…” Powerful word at least a commitment to hope and faith and protection. The final section “you shall have no other Gods before me.” This is where the hypocrisy comes in – we do have other gods; sex, drugs, money, possessions, and idols (flags, anthems, athletes, and entertainers.)

Tomorrow a potential drunk, accused sexual predator, liar, and entitled man will be confirmed to the Supreme Court. I require more out of the judiciary than that. In that, there is no hope, faith or protection. I require more out of the judiciary than that.

This November I am not hoping for a blue wave. I pray that it will be a blue cyclone. At least that is what I am praying for.

One of many Endangered Species of ANWR

Caribou 1

An Endangered Species of ANWR

When I was researching this topic, I learned one thing that many people think that Caribou and Reindeer are interchangeable. But they are not. And although neither species are in danger of becoming extinct, the Caribou of ANWR will be affected if oil exploration is allowed and that can be avoided.

One similarity of the species is that they are both adaptive to cold weather with their unique coats and hooves. Their significant difference is size and location. Caribous are ? and live on the North American Continent whereas reindeer live in Scandinavia and Russia. There is also the domestic issue, reindeer are the oldest domesticated species.

Since caribous are not domesticated, they face significant challenges. Because of their migratory ways, caribous are sensitive to changes in their habitat. This species is particularly vulnerable to climate change and the two significant factors that could disrupt their habitat, oil, and gas.

Studies are being done to address the threat. The University of Alaska – Fairbanks is studying changing temperatures effects in Arctic Alaska. The nature conservancy joined the school to explore how caribou and other arctic animals might respond.

The scientists are most concerned about 58,000 caribous of the Teshekpuk Lake. In June of every year, the herd congregates, north of the lake to birth their calves and seek relief from insects. If condition change in the area it will have a profound effect on the herd.

Caribou Facts

 

Caribou 3

 

Caribou and in some circles are also called reindeer, in five countries, Canada, Russia, Greenland, Russia, Norway, and Sweden, and one state: Alaska. As the seasons change so does the diet of the caribou. They feed on a variety of plants in the summer when vegetation is plentiful. As the seasons change so does the dietary regime of these animals. They feed on a variety of plants when the vegetation is abundant. However, during the winter caribou use their hooves to dig through snow to get to moss or lichens.

Because they are migratory and search for food across the tundra, God has adapted them for weather. The areas of their bodies that have been modified are fur, skin, and hooves. Because of their fur and skin caribou are after to stand the cold water of the northern rivers.  The wide design of their hooves allows them to cross muddy or snow, and helps the dig, as mentioned earlier, and swim.

The weight of a female caribou range from 180 – 200 pounds. Male caribou, on average, can double the female weight. They have been recorded as large as 600 pounds. Gender doesn’t matter as height which ranges between 33-35 inches at the shoulder.  Both genders have and do shed their antlers but at various times. The older male caribou after the rut (mating season) and females lose theirs in the summer.

The mating season or rut occurs in the fall, and the calving occurs in the spring. Female caribous only give birth to one calf.

The Porcupine Caribou

The reader may ask why I am concentrating so much attention on the caribou on the ANWR. My research has given an indication that it is the largest mass of animals in the region. There are two herds found in the area.  The Porcupine herd which numbers are estimated at 152,000 and the Central herd numbers 23,400 animals. Throughout the year the caribou goes through seven distinct phases of activities, some of which involve long migrations.

Spring Migration

During the spring migration, the caribou segregate themselves into groups which migrate at different times. Pregnant females, some yearlings, and barren cows migrate first, in early March. The bulls and juveniles follow a few weeks later. The pregnant females arrive on the north slope in mid to late May.

Calving

The caribou calves are born the last week in May and the first two weeks of June. The blessed event usually takes place between the Hulahula and the Babbage Rivers, in the foothills of the Coastal Plains. The area is generally free of snow.

There is a high degree of coordination and of the adaptation to reduce the overwhelming amount of predators, such as grizzlies, wolves, and on occasion the golden eagle. There exists a brief period of time in which the number of calves is more significant than predators.

Since the calves are able to stand and nurse within one to two hours after birth. After twenty-four hours they can run and follow their mothers over short distances. Because of this ability, they are able to escape their predators.

Post Calving Aggregation

The caribou’s most significant problem other than predators is mosquitoes. The mosquitoes emerge in late June and early July. So the caribou gathers in large groups and looks for areas where there are breezes and cold temperatures. Cold winds give the caribou time to feed and get relief from the mosquitoes. By mid to late July the herd moves off the Coastal Plain and into the foothills and mountains. Sometimes the herd will remain on the North Slope for the winter, then travel south and east to Canada. The Porcupine herd will move westward from the 1002 area and mingle with the Central Arctic Herd.

Dispersal

After the mosquitoes decline and the herd disperses this species is plagued by the warble fly and the nose-bot fly. Both species are nasty, but then what pest isn’t.

The warble nose fly looks like a small bumble bee. Its eggs in the fur of the abdomen legs of the caribou. The warble fly lays its eggs in the coat that covers the legs and abdomen of the caribou. Once the larvae are established, they burrow under the skin and travel to the back of the host. Then the warble fly larvae encapsulate and cut a breathing hole in the skin. Later in the months of May or June, the encapsulated larvae cut an exit hole, crawls out, and drops to the ground and develop into mature warble flies. A caribou can carry as many as a hundred of these pests.

The nose-bot fly lives up to its name by carrying live larvae which it deposits into the nostril of the caribou. The larvae then travel from the nose to the base of the throat. By spring the larvae are large enough to actually interfere with the breathing of the caribou.

The caribou can’t avoid the warble or nose-bot flies like mosquitos. Because the pests are such strong fliers the caribou stand with their heads low. In July and August caribou are seen violently shaking their heads, stamping their hooves, or running across the tundra.

Fall Migration

The caribou can begin migrating any time from late August to mid-October, moving southward. They will roam between 100-300 miles into the Brooks Range near Arctic Village, Alaska. And sometimes they get as far as the Ogilvie and Richardson mountains of the Yukon. While continues continue to migrate south mountains of they continue to store up fat. All of them will need their fat stores for winter, but the males in particular will use massive energy reserves for the rut. During the migration the bulls are getting into brief sparring matches, displaying their aggressiveness. Another sign that the rut is near is the bull is shedding the velvet from their antlers by rubbing them against trees and shrubs.u

Conclusion:

My reasoning for this essay is to point out that these creatures are unique with a definite purpose in the creation. One of the last comments I want to make is that these animals provide subsistence for the Inupiat Eskimos and Athabascan Indians that live along their migratory routes.

The greed of the 1% is driving this administration in destroying the last vestiges of Wilderness in this country. Oil drilling in the ANWR would disrupt the habitat of the caribou and as a result the peoples of the region.  For what? Are we becoming so inhuman?

 

 

 

 

The Rock

Twenty-four hours ago the words of a hymn I remember from my youth came to mind. Especially the refrain of “My Hope Is Built.” The refrain makes reference to Christ being the solid rock, and all other ground is sinking sand.

According to the definition is Wikipedia the cornerstone is defined as the first stone set in the construction of a foundation. It is important because all other stones will be set in reference to all other stones.

While I was on the Internet earlier I came across two articles that which concerned events in this country. The events were the shooting in Parkland, Florida and the Senate failing to produce an immigration bill. I had a sinking feeling and that is when my mind played a long remembered verse, but all my mind was only hearing the words sinking sand. The more and more I contemplated the news the more apparent I became of the words. Today I started putting it together.  While the Declaration of Independence is the cornerstone of the Constitution and the foundation of government, it is cracking and our government, is sinking in chaos, there is a life raft. We discover the true rock is found at the end of our journey with Jesus as we move toward Jerusalem and once again we witness the Crucifixion and the Resurrection. If we stand on our faith and remember Jesus is the rock we never have to fear sinking sand.

The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge

The effects of the Trump Tax Cut bill will not be fully apparent for a few months, but this posting is not about addressing all the faults of that law.  I do want to discuss the portion that will allow oil drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. While nations associated with the Paris Accord are working to eliminate the use of fossil fuels,such as oil, our current administration continues to work in the opposite direction.  The early analysis of the bill it will add a trillion dollars to the national deficit. This addition to the debt will have to be paid for future generations of our youth. The worst part is that they will have to contend with global warming, pollution, and the loss of witnessing this habitat thrive and learn about it’s fragile ecosystem. This proposal was instrumental in obtaining Senator Lisa Murkowski’s vote.

ANWR

The ANWR

The story behind the ANWR began in 1953, with an article published in a journal of the Sierra Club. The article entitled “Northeast Alaska: The Last Great Wilderness” was written by National Park Service Planner George Collins and a biologist Lowell Summer. Collins and Summer would recruit the president of the Wilderness Society,  Olaus Murrie, and his wife, to protect the area.

In 1956 Olaus and Maudy Murrie led an expedition to the Brooks Range in Northeast Alaska. The journey took an entire summer to study land and wildlife ecosystems of the upper Sheenjak Valley. In 1963 Olaus said, “On our trips to the Arctic Wildlife Range we saw clearly that it was a place for mass recreation… It takes a lot of territory to keep this alive, a living wilderness, for scientific observation and aesthetic inspiration. The Far North is a fragile place.”

By order of the Secretary of Interior, Fred Andrew Seaton, the land became federally protected in 1960, while he served under President Dwight D. Eisenhower. On December 2, 1980, President Jimmy Carter signed the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act.

The ANWR is made up of the Mollie Beattie Wilderness (8 million acres), area 1002 which was added in 1980 (1.5 million acres) and the remaining (10.1 million acres) which is considered suitable for designation as a wilderness area. However, that designation has never happened. Only Congress could open this area for oil drilling.

A  visitor would be hard-pressed to find a road leading into the refuge.The refuge doesn’t have any roads leading into it. The Inupiat village of Kaktovik has 258 occupants, living on the northern edge. On the southern tip is Gwich’in has a population of 152. There is, however, a path between the two village that traverses all of the ecosystems of the ANWR, from boreal forests to the Arctic Ocean.

The Wildlife of the ANWR

The northern coast is made up of barrier islands, coastal lagoons, salt marshes, and river deltas, which provide a variety of habitat for migratory birds. Some of these migratory birds are sea ducks, geese, swans, and shorebirds. Also found in the nearshore waters are Dolly Varden, considered part of the trout family, and Arctic Cisco,  which is considered a type of whitefish. Also along these same coastal lands and sea ice are used by caribou in search of relief from biting flies during the summer. Also in this area, Polar bears use it for hunting of seals and digging dens for birthing.

In the area of the ANWR, the coastal plain stretches to the south to the foothills of Brooks Range, which consists of small hills, lakes, and north-flowing rivers. The landscape is covered of tundra vegetation, shrubs, sedges, a triangular flowering plant, and mosses.  Herds of caribou make an appearance to the coastal region to give birth and raise their young. The area is also home to other species at various times of years, including migratory birds and insect during the short Arctic summer, plus tens of thousands of snow geese stop in September, to feed, before migrating south. Musk oxen live there all year round.

Muskox

The mountains of eastern Brooks range rise to over 9000 feet.  It serves several purposes as that it is the northernmost extension of the Rocky Mountains and marks the continental divide.  The area host north-flowing rivers that empty into the Arctic Circle and south-flowing tributaries that join the Yukon River. The mountain range supports a variety of vegetation includes tundra vegetation, shrubs and rare groves of popular on the north side and spruce on the south. In the summer months peregrine, gyrfalcons, and eagles build nests on the cliffs. The birds that are found on the rivers are Harlequin ducks and red-breasted mergansers. Grizzly bears and Arctic ground squirrels are known to hibernate in the area.

Area of Exploration

 

 

The visitor to the southern part of the Arctic Refuge would find themselves within the Interior Alaska-Yukon. This area is dominated by patches of black and white spruces until the forest gets denser in the foothills and flat lands north of the Yukon. Frequent forest fires created a mix described as a hodgepodge of spruce, birch, and aspen. The year-long residents of this boreal forest are Alaskan moose, muskoxen, Canadian lynxes, martins, wolverines, black bears, grizzly bears, and wolves.  Birds from Mexico and Central America often migrate here to breed during the spring and summer.

Prudhoe Bay and the Kaparuk area are centers for waterfowl and other birds to reproduce. Healthy herds of caribou come through the area to calve and refuge nagging pests.

Drilling

For forty years two parties have debated whether drilling should be allowed in the ANWR. The drilling target has always been and still is area 1002 and the debate has always been and will be whether oil exploration and the amount of recoverable oil will be harmful to the environment.

I hope that future generations get to experience the natural beauty of the fauna and flora of the few remaining wilderness areas, such as ANWR. Although the area 1002 has been opened to drilling, due to legislation passed in 2017, the chance of the area remaining pristine is hard to envision. I point the oil spills that have occurred along the Keystone pipeline, in November 2017. I believe that this legislation needs to be repealed for the sake of the environment and control of our future from big oil and President Trump. Or we can get use to seeing this in the last pristine frontiers of our nation.